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Thursday, January 28, 2016

ZIKA VIRUS AND YOU

Zika Virus

-Spread by mosquitoes originsted in Uganda Africa in 1947
-It was isolated from the  Rhesus monkey
-In 2007 the first major outbreak occur in the pacific
-Next  major outbreak in 2015 in Brazil
-It has reached the USA
 -Now threatening to take over the Caribbean
- It is a viral disease and the virus is spread by mosquitoes Aedes Aegypti  specie.
-It stays  in the body 3 to 12 days in body before there is any sign or symptoms.
-It remains in the system 3 to 7 days  and work itself out
It is this stage that it is contagious. when the mosquitoes bite

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
-Fever, red eyes without sticky discharge,
-muscles and joint pains rash
-Swelling, in lower limbs
-,pain behind eyes
_Babies are  born with small heads and brain not developing fully
-Nerve disorders
_It is found sperm. to be transmitted by sexual activity
_ The Ministry of Health is asking that women  avoid getting pregnant for   one year until the epidemic subsides.
-It can run  congruently  or alongside other viral infection such ad dengue   Chick V and even Malaria.

TREATMENT
-There is no vaccine. You treat the symptoms that are seen
-Rest is necessary
Paracetamol  No Aspirin or its derivative like Buffering ,Panadol, Phenzic
-Take lots of water and other fluids like Gator Aid  that does not have too much calories
- individual with the virus should be isolated 7 days to avoid being bitten
 by other mosquitoes therefore  prevent passing on the disease
HOW IT SPREADS
Infected person  -bitten by mosquito- mosquito bites other person
-New Mosqjito bitesnew person and it goes on in a cycle of  every7 days
-Risk factors are poor public health and sanitation

PEOPLE WHO ARE VOLUNABLE
-are diabetics,
-Old people
 -the very young
-people with chronic problems arthritis etc
 -people with auto immune disease,  like lupus, HIV etx

PERSONAL MEASURES TO PREVENT
-Mosquito nets
-Insect repellent do not keep long on skin
-Liqids and creams for rash
-Chemical  spays repellent, vape ,smoke, mosquito coils, herbs like citronella or lemon grass
-Biological control  eg. Putting  fish in fish tank  to eat mosquito lava
 -Pouring oil on  stored water eg cooking ,kerosene or gas oil

-Keep drains clean  get rid of anything containing water around the house
The mosquito likes  clean clear water.
Trim  bushes and tree around home mosquito love to live near humans

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